What are the functions of instrumentation?

Instrumentation has a wide range of applications, covering industry, agriculture, transportation, science and technology, environmental protection, national defense, culture, education and health, people's life and other aspects. Due to its special status and great role, it has a huge doubling and pulling effect on the national economy, and has a good market demand and huge development potential.

Specific needs can be expressed from the following aspects:

1. Under the background of human society entering the era of knowledge economy and the rapid development of information technology, instrumentation and its measurement and control technology are increasingly widely used, which provides a good opportunity for the rapid development of the instrumentation industry. Instrumentation is the source and part of the information industry and an important foundation of information technology. Academician Qian Xuesen discussed the new technology revolution as follows: the key technology of the new technology revolution is information technology, which is composed of three parts: measurement technology, computer technology, and communication technology, and measurement technology is the key and foundation. Internationally, the information technology production industry is also characterized as three industries: computer, communication, and instrumentation.

2. Instruments and meters are widely used in equipment and measurement and control of technological processes in transforming traditional industries. They are an important part of modern large-scale key complete sets of equipment and an important link for informatization to drive industrialization. According to relevant data, with the improvement of equipment level, the proportion of instruments and meters in the total investment of engineering equipment has reached about 18%; 1/3 of the investment in modern Baosteel technical equipment is used to purchase instruments and automatic control systems.

3. The development of high-level scientific research and high-tech industries has rapidly increased the demand for instruments and meters. Instruments and meters are playing a very important role in the process of rejuvenating the country through science and education, knowledge innovation and technological innovation. Various high-level scientific experiments cannot be separated from scientific instruments, and the progress of modern science is increasingly dependent on the development of cutting-edge instruments. Modern biology, medicine, ecological environment protection, new materials (nano materials, etc.), and the development of modern agriculture are also based on the development of cutting-edge precision instrument technology.

4. Instrumentation has become an important part of modern national defense construction technology and equipment. 1/3 of the fixed assets of my country's aerospace industry are instruments and computers; the instrumentation expenditure of launch vehicles accounts for about 1/2 of the total development expenditure; the high precision of missiles Guidance, control, aerospace precision weft measurement and infrared imaging, special high-temperature experimental equipment, etc. are all key products in national defense equipment.

5. Instrumentation is widely used as an important means of implementation and guarantee industry in the process of exploring the sustainable development of human society, resisting natural disasters, ruling the country according to law and implementing relevant laws (quality, commodity inspection, measurement, environmental protection, etc.).